Basic Top Down Socks in Various Sizes

 

sheepknits3.jpgHere’s a handy fingering weight, basic sock pattern with instructions for women’s, men’s, and kids’ sizes. I like to keep this as a reference, adding various cuff and instep patterns to suit my current project. It saves so much time because I don’t have to hunt around for the proper formula. It’s my go to pattern most of the time. It’s easily adaptable for magic loop, which is my favorite method for socks.

On the subject of sock sizes, here’s a link to my master sizing chart, based upon  foot measurements.

Specifications
Size: Child M (Child Lrg/W Sm, W Med, W Lrg/M Sm, M Med, M Lrg)
Materials: 200 (250, 300, 350, 400, 450) yards of fingering weight yarn

US 1 (2.25mm) double-pointed, two circulars, or one long circular needle, or size to obtain gauge
Gauge: 8 sts and 10 rounds = 4 inches square in St st
Pattern stitch
1 x 1 Ribbing

Round 1: * K1, p1 *, rep from * to * around.

Rep round 1 for patt.

Basic top-down sock 
Cast on 52 (56, 60, 64, 68, 72) sts using the desired cast-on. Join, being careful not to twist.
Work 1 x 1 ribbing until piece measures 1 inch from beg. (Every round: * K1, p1 *, rep from * to * around. )

Continue even in St st until piece measures 5.5 (6, 6.5, 7, 7.5, 8) inches from beg or desired length to top of heel.

The heel is worked over 26 (28, 30, 32, 34, 36) sts.

Next row (RS): K 13 (14, 15, 16, 17, 18) sts, turn.
P across 26 (28, 30, 32, 34, 36) sts.

Heel flap

Row 1 (RS): * K1, sl 1 *, rep from * to * across.
Row 2 (WS): Sl 1, p across.
Rep rows 1 and 2 until you have worked 26 (28, 30, 32, 34, 36) rows in total.

Turn  heel

Row 1: K across 15 (16, 17, 18, 19, 20) sts, ssk, k1, turn.
Row 2: Sl 1, p5, p2tog, p1, turn.
Row 3: Sl 1, k to 1 st before gap, ssk (1 st from each side of gap), k1, turn.
Row 4: Sl 1, p to 1 st before gap, p2tog (1 st from each side of gap), p1, turn.
Rep rows 3 and 4 until you have worked all heel sts, ending if necessary on the last rep with k2tog and p2tog. 16 (16, 18, 18, 20, 20) sts remain.

Next round: KI 8 (8, 9, 9, 10, 10) sts. Using an empty needle, k 8 (8, 9, 9, 10, 10) sts. Rotate work and with the same needle, pick up 13 (14, 15, 16, 17, 18) sts along side of heel flap.
Work across 26 (28, 30, 32, 34, 36) sts of instep.
Pick up 13 (14, 15, 16, 17, 18) sts along other side of heel flap using an empty needle. K rem 8 (8, 9, 9, 10, 10) sts. The heel is now complete and the round begins at the center back heel.

Decrease for the gusset — round 1

Needle 1: K to last 3 sts, k2tog, k1.
Needle 2: Knit all sts.
Needle 3: Knit all sts.
Needle 4: Ssk, k1, k to end.
Decrease for the gusset — round 2

Knit all sts.
Rep rounds 1 and 2 until 52 (56, 60, 64, 68, 72) sts remain.
Work even on these sts until piece measures 5.5 (6.5, 7.5, 8, 8.5, 9) inches from the back of the heel, or 2 inches less than desired total foot length.

Shape Toe

Round 1

Needle 1: K to last 3 sts, k2tog, k1.
Needle 2: Ssk, k1, k to end.
Needle 3: K to last 3 sts, k2tog, k1.
Needle 4: Ssk, k1, k to end.
Round 2

Knit all sts.
Rep rounds 1 and 2 until 26 (28, 30, 32, 34, 36) sts rem.
Rep round 1 until 12 (12, 16, 16, 18, 18) sts rem.
K to the end of Needle 1. Cut yarn and graft toe.
Weave in ends and block.

Knitting Tips: Sizing Socks for Adults and Children

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These charts can be used to determine the length of knitted/crocheted socks for particular sizes. You might want to increase the foot length by 1/2 inch or so to accommodate shrinking, growth, or snugness.

Men’s Sizes

Shoe size / Foot length

Women’s Sizes

Shoe Size / Foot length

US
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
13
14
15
16
Inches
9.25″
9.5″
9.7″
9.75″
9.9″
10.1″
10.25″
10.4″
10.6″
10.75″
10.9″
11.”
11.25″
11.6″
11/9″
12.2″
12.5″

US
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
Inches
8.2″
8.4″
8.5″
8.75″
8.8″
9.0″
9.25″
9.4″
9.5″
9.7″
9.8″
10″
10.2″
10.3″
10.5″
10.7″
10.9″

Kid’s Sizes

Shoe size ——————— Foot length

0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
3.25″
3.5″
3.6″
3.75″
4″
4.1″
4.25″
4.5″
4.6″
4.75″
Approximate Age Infant
(0 – 12 months)
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
5″
5.1″
5.25″
5.5″
5.6″
5.75″
6″
6.1″
6.25″
6.5″
6.6″
6.75″
7″
7.1″
Children
(1 – 5 years)

12.5
13
13.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.25″
7.5″
7.6″
7.75″
8″
8.1″
8.25″
8.5″
8.6″
8.75″
9″
9.1″
9.25″
9.5″
9.6″
9.75″
Youth
(6 – 10 years)